Voices from the Past is an auditory tour, a soundwalk, through a part of the Hollandse Schouwburg.
The soundwalk has been developed by composer and creative entrepreneur Sophie Jurrjens in partnership with the Jewish Cultural Quarter. The walk lasts 15 minutes. It begins in the inner courtyard and ends at the wall of names. To be able to listen to the soundwalk, you need your smartphone and headphones.
Photo: Inner courtyard Hollandsche Schouwburg, juli 1942, photographer Lydia van Nobelen-Riezouw, collection NIOD © Marjolein van Nobelen
Above is an excerpt from the new walk Voices from the Past in the Hollandsche Schouwburg. During the war, nineteen-year-old Lydia Riezouw lived with her parents at Plantage Kerklaan 9. Their house overlooked the courtyard of the Hollandsche Schouwburg. In July 1942, when the former theater served as a gathering and deportation place for Jews, she saw her Jewish girlfriend Greetje Velleman in the courtyard. In 1942 and 1943, tens of thousands of Jewish men, women and children were imprisoned here in anticipation of their forced deportation to an almost certain death. In Voices from the Past you'll hear five eyewitnesses who will take you back to this dreadful period. Lydia Riezouw is one of them.
You can use the QR code below to download or stream the walk in Dutch or English on your smartphone.
Or click here for the soundwalk.
The starting point for the soundwalk is the inner courtyard. During the Second World War, this spot was the site of the theatre auditorium. The space accommodated around 800 people and in 1942-1943 it was where Jews were forced to await deportation. In Voices from the Past, five different eyewitnesses will take you back in time to that dreadful period.
The five eyewitnesses
Amsterdam, 15 January 1891 – Auschwitz, 11 February 1944
Journalist Willem Willing went into hiding but he and his second wife were arrested on 21 August 1943 by two members of the Kolonne Henneicke (Dutch Jew-hunters). They were taken to the Hollandsche Schouwburg. His daughter Wil – the child of an earlier marriage to a non-Jewish woman – managed to secretly say goodbye to him in the theatre.
Amsterdam, 6 December 1879 – Auschwitz, 27 August 1943
Painter and graphic artist Salomon Garf hid in his own home and produced forged identity papers. On 9 August 1943 he was picked up by two members of the Kolonne Henneicke. In the course of his arrest, Garf took cyanide. He was almost unconscious when he arrived at the Hollandsche Schouwburg. He wrote a number of letters from here.
Klaartje de Zwarte-Walvisch
Amsterdam, 6 February 1911 – Sobibor, 16 July 1943
Seamstress Klaartje de Zwarte-Walvisch and her husband were arrested at their home in March 1943 and taken to the Hollandsche Schouwburg via the Zentralstelle für jüdische Auswanderung (‘Office for Jewish Emigration’) on Adama van Scheltemaplein. Klaartje, who suffered from oesophageal spasms, tried in vain to be released. She wrote about her experiences.
Rosetta Cato (Ted) Musaph-Andriesse
Utrecht, 17 August 1927
Fifteen-year-old Ted Andriesse was betrayed to the authorities. She was picked up and delivered to the Hollandsche Schouwburg. She managed to escape to the Crèche. A few days later, with no prospect of a safe hiding place, the fear and uncertainty were too much for her and she decided to join her family in Camp Westerbork.
Lydia van Nobelen-Riezouw
Amsterdam, 4 October 1923 – Amsterdam, 9 December 2005
Nineteen-year-old Lydia Riezouw lived with her parents at Plantage Kerklaan 9. Their house had a view of the inner courtyard of the Hollandsche Schouwburg. In July 1942, when the theatre was being used as a collection and deportation centre for Jews, she took five photos of the courtyard.
With thanks to Ted Musaph-Andriesse, Marjolein van Nobelen, Herinneringscentrum Kamp Westerbork, Jewish Historical Museum, Netherlands Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies (NIOD), and Stadsarchief Amsterdam (SAA).
Voices: Linda Andriesse, Mikey Casalaina, Carine Lacor en Caspar Stalenhoef.
Diary of Klaartje de Zwarte-Walvisch, March-July 1943, collection JHM
Letters from Salomon Garf, 1943, collection JHM
Diary of Willem Willing, property of Willy Willing
Interview with Ted Musaph-Andriesse, collection JHM © USC Shoah Foundation, 2009
Interview with Lydia van Nobelen-Riezouw, Hedda van Gennep, Frame Mediaprodukties, 1993
Concept & soundwalk: Sophie Jurrjens, founder Off-Track: www.off-track.nl
Audio post production: Bas Melis, Studio de Zwarte Molen
Jewish Cultural Quarter: Annemiek Gringold, Esther Göbel, Mirjam van Emden and Judith Whitlau
Voice Editing: Caspar Stalenhoef
Editing: Sammi Landweer
Translation: Janey Tucker
Design: LevievanderMeer, graphic & exhibition design
Graphic Production: Rijnja Repro, Amsterdam
Cover photo: Pre-war photograph of the interior of the Hollandsche Schouwburg, collection SAA